Healthy Trees

first_imgIt can take years for a tree to reach full maturity, but it only takes one or two seasons of damage to irreparably harm the biggest and most expensive piece of a well-designed landscape.Drought, insects and blight can all cause damage to mature trees. But more often than not, when a mature tree takes a turn for the worse, the culprit may be human error.“Extension agents get hundreds of these calls every summer,” said Paul Pugliese, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension coordinator for Bartow County. “People tell us they have an otherwise healthy tree, but this year it started producing damaged-looking leaves.”In cases like this, symptoms may have been caused by accidental herbicide damage. Gardeners may be familiar with the rippling, curling and deformed leaves that accidental herbicide exposure can cause on vegetable plants and flowers. While it takes more herbicide to damage a tree, they’re not immune to that herbicide damage, Pugliese said.Trees are usually exposed either through spray drift from a nearby herbicide application or by absorbing herbicides applied to lawns to prevent dandelions and other broadleaf weeds. When controlling lawn weeds, homeowners and landscapers should not apply herbicides near the root zones of trees and shrubs.The damage is doneThe amount of damage seen in the tree depends on the amount of herbicide absorbed by the tree and the area exposed.Popular herbicides containing 2,4-D and other broadleaf weed killers are notorious for causing leaf curling, but other consumer and commercial herbicides can also cause deformities.In many cases, the damage caused by the herbicide will be permanent. Deformed leaves one year means leaves will emerge deformed for the remainder of the tree’s life. Some trees will ultimately decline or die over the course of several years.“Springtime is when you’re going to see these dramatic effects, when the leaves are pushing out and the herbicide is being drawn up into the tree,” Pugliese said.Pugliese has seen deformed leaves with twisting and curling symptoms that look like pigs’ tails, leaves that appear scorched and leaves that look like they are drought-damaged, but feel like normal leaves. The severity of the deformity determines whether the tree will be able to continue to capture enough sunlight and produce enough energy to sustain itself.How to knowThere are lots of tree disorders that can cause similar symptoms, and not all damage is due to herbicides, he said.It’s time to suspect herbicide damage if you’ve ruled out other factors, like water stress, viruses and insect damage. If the damage is limited to one species of shrub or plant in the landscape, insects or disease could have caused the damage.“The unique thing about herbicide damage is that it’s going to be more widespread through the landscape in terms of the types of plants affected,” Pugliese said. “Insects and disease are going to be very host-specific, causing injury to one group of related plants. If you see multiple species of plants with injury, then that’s a good indication that you’re dealing with herbicide damage.”Also, if damage appears on just one part of a tree, leaves on only that part of the tree may have been hit by some herbicide overspray.The UGA Extension Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories offer plant tissue testing that can determine whether a tree or shrub has been exposed to an herbicide, but it is expensive – about $100 per sample.ProtectionThe best course of action is to take extreme caution to avoid the root zone of trees and ornamental plants when applying lawn herbicides, Pugliese said. Homeowners and landscapers should avoid applying broadleaf herbicides on windy days, avoid applying them before rainy periods and avoid applying them above the root zones of trees.Maintaining a mulch island on top of the tree’s roots not only conserves water and cools the roots, it can also protect against overspray. The mulch island should be expanded as the tree grows to cover an area larger than the width of the tree branches to avoid having to spray lawn herbicides too close to the tree’s roots. The rootball of a mature tree can extend up to two times as wide as the tree’s canopy.For more information about safely applying herbicides to urban lawns, read the UGA Extension publication “Weed Control in Home Lawns” at extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.cfm?number=B978 or visit extension.uga.edu/publications.last_img read more

Read More »

Japan Credit Rating Agency raises Indonesian credit rating to BBB+ amid solid growth

first_imgGiven the administration’s continuous efforts to carry out reform through its plan to issue an omnibus bill aimed at boosting foreign direct investment in a bid to reduce its current account deficit, along with its reinforced political base, with the administration’s largest opposition party having joined the coalition, JCR decided to raise the rating.“[JCR] also changed the outlook to stable and upgraded the country’s ceiling for Indonesia by one notch to A-,” it said in the statement obtained by The Jakarta Post on Friday.The upgrade indicates JCR holds a more optimistic view on Indonesia than credit rating agency Fitch Ratings, which earlier this week maintained Indonesia’s long-term foreign and local currency issuer default rating at BBB with a stable outlook.Fitch saw Indonesia as continuing to exhibit some structural weaknesses relative to its peers and as less developed on a number of metrics than many of its peers of the same BBB rank. Although Indonesia’s budget deficit widened to 2.2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019, JCR is upbeat that the government could cut its fiscal deficit to 1.76 percent of GDP this year and hold central government debt to less than 30 percent of GDP.The optimism is based on the fact that the administration is poised to continue to secure fiscal resources for infrastructure and human capital development expenditures through curtailment of fuel subsidies in a bid to ensure fiscal consolidation during its second term.Finance Ministry spokesperson Nufransa Wira Sakti said the ratings upgrade was JCR’s recognition of Indonesia’s economic resilience amid uncertain global economic conditions.“The government is also utilizing this ratings upgrade from JCR to boost both foreign direct and portfolio investments, as well as to enter the Japanese bond market,” he said in a statement. Japan Credit Rating Agency (JCR) has raised Indonesia’s sovereign debt rating from BBB with a positive outlook to BBB+ with a stable outlook.The rating mainly reflects the country’s solid domestic consumption-led economic growth, restrained budget deficit and public debt, as well as resilience to external shocks supported by a flexible exchange rate, credible monetary policies and accumulation of foreign exchange reserves, the agency wrote in a statement on Friday.JCR also lauded President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s administration for continuing reform efforts that include reform on fiscal expenditure, curtailment of the budget deficit by restraining fuel subsidies and rapid infrastructure development that had exceeded the agency’s expectations.center_img Topics :last_img read more

Read More »

‘Pusher’ busted in Cadiz

first_imgBACOLOD City – Seven sachets ofsuspected shabu valued at around P12,500 were seized in a buy-bust operation inBarangay Tinampaan, Cadiz City, Negros Occidental. The 31-year-old Jay-R Delina ofBarangay Zone 4, Cadiz City yielded the suspected illegal drugs, a policereport showed.  Delina was nabbed after he soldsuspected shabu to an undercover cop for P500 around 4 p.m. on Sunday, thereport added. The police also impounded his multicab.  center_img The suspect wasdetained in the custodial facility of the Cadiz City police station, facingcharges for violation of Republic Act 9165, or the Comprehensive DangerousDrugs Act of 2002./PNlast_img

Read More »

Magic hold Heat to 6 4th-quarter points in 105-85 victory

first_img First Published: 4th January, 2020 11:33 IST COMMENT Written By WATCH US LIVE Terrence Ross scored 25 points, Nikola Vucevic had 20 points and 11 rebounds and the Orlando Magic shut down the Miami Heat in the fourth quarter in a 105-85 victory Friday night.Miami scored only six points in the fourth quarter, going 3 for 19 from the field. Jimmy Butler had 23 points and 10 rebounds for the Heat.Aaron Gordon had 16 points and eight rebounds for the Magic, and Evan Fournier scored 15 points.One day after holding the Toronto Raptors to 6-of-42 shooting from 3-point range in a victory in Miami, the Heat shot 7 for 37 from long range and 37.5% overall.CELTICS 109, HAWKS 106BOSTON (AP) — Jaylen Brown had 24 points and 10 rebounds and Boston Celtics overcome an 18-point, first-quarter deficit against Atlanta.Marcus Smart started in place of the flu-ridden Kemba Walker and scored 15 points, adding nine assists and hitting a 3-pointer that gave Boston a four-point lead with 43 seconds left. Gordon Hayward scored 18 points, and Enes Kanter had 14 points and 11 rebounds.Trae Young scored 28 points with 10 assists for the Hawks. They beat Orlando on Monday to snap a 10-game losing streak.TRAIL BLAZERS 122, WIZARDS 103WASHINGTON (AP) — Damian Lillard scored 35 points and CJ McCollum added 24 in Portland’s victory over Washington.Hassan Whiteside added 23 points, 21 rebounds and five blocks to help Portland snap a five-game losing streak.Jordan McCrae scored a season-high 35 points, for Washington. Wizards guard Isaiah Thomas was ejected less than 1 1/2 minutes into the game for making contact with an official. Thomas was tied up along the sideline by Portland’s Carmelo Anthony. As Thomas broke away from Anthony, he made contact with referee Marat Kogut, who stumbled into the crowd. Associated Press Television News center_img Last Updated: 4th January, 2020 11:33 IST Magic Hold Heat To 6 4th-quarter Points In 105-85 Victory Terrence Ross scored 25 points, Nikola Vucevic had 20 points and 11 rebounds and the Orlando Magic shut down the Miami Heat in the fourth quarter in a 105-85 victory Friday night. SUBSCRIBE TO US LIVE TV FOLLOW USlast_img read more

Read More »